October 17, 2005
With Few Options And An Uncertain Future, Delphi Files Chapter 11 Bankruptcy
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Delphi Corporation announced that in order to preserve the value of the company and complete its transformation plan designed to resolve Delphi's existing legacy issues and the resulting high cost of U.S. operations, Delphi and 38 of its domestic U.S. subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions for business reorganization under chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code on Saturday in New York City. Delphi's non-U.S. subsidiaries were not included in the filing, will continue their business operations without supervision from the U.S. courts and will not be subject to the chapter 11 requirements of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. Delphi's global management team will continue to manage both the U.S. and
| by Jeff Rowe - Contributing Editor
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global businesses. Delphi expects to complete its U.S.-based restructuring and emerge from chapter 11 business reorganization in early to mid-2007.
"Our global operations, both U.S. and non-U.S., will continue without interruption," said Robert S. "Steve" Miller, Delphi's chairman and CEO. "Our customers all over the world can be assured that we will continue to meet their scheduling, delivery and production needs in a timely manner. Throughout this reorganization of our U.S. businesses and beyond, we will be intensely focused on continuing to provide all of our customers with leading-edge technology, product development, superior engineering, outstanding quality products and services, and world-class customer support."
Delphi plans to finance its global operations going forward with USD $4.5 billion in debt facilities plus additional committed and uncommitted financing lines and/or securitization facilities in Asia, Europe and the Americas. The financing includes USD $2.5 billion borrowed from prepetition revolver and term loan facilities and a commitment for up to USD $2 billion in senior secured debtor-in-possession (DIP) financing from a group of lenders led by JPMorgan Chase Bank and Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. The company plans to obtain approval of an adequate protection package for the benefit of its prepetition lenders as part of the Company's overall financing activities.
The proceeds of the DIP financing together with cash generated from daily operations and cash on hand will be used to fund post-petition operating expenses, including its supplier obligations and employee wages, salaries and benefits. The overall liquidity available to Delphi (including more than USD $1 billion on hand outside the U.S., which Delphi does not plan to repatriate to fund U.S. operations) will support its global operations outside the U.S. and help ensure the continued adequacy of working capital throughout its global business units.
"We took this action because we are determined to achieve competitiveness for Delphi's core U.S. operations, and the key to accomplishing that goal is reducing these costs as soon as possible," said Miller. "We simply cannot afford to continue to be encumbered by high legacy issues and burdensome restrictions under current labor agreements that impair our ability to compete. We must also realign our global product portfolio and manufacturing footprint to preserve our core businesses. This will require a substantial segment of our U.S. manufacturing operations to be divested, consolidated or wound-down through the chapter 11 process. We believe the chapter 11 process will
provide the flexibility to address our legacy issues and allow us to take advantage of the fundamental strength of our businesses."
Miller said that Delphi has been engaged in constructive discussions with representatives of its major unions, but was unable to complete the necessary modifications to its collective bargaining agreements without assistance from General Motors Corporation or intervention of the U.S. courts. "Having been unable to resolve our U.S. legacy issues out of court," Miller said, "we determined it was in Delphi's best interest to address the U.S. cost-structure issues through the chapter 11 process now while our liquidity position is strong. We will be making a further proposal this month to each of our unions to transform our labor agreements to a competitive labor cost structure
and to address non-profitable and non-strategic U.S. operations. In addition, we expect to address pension plans and health and retiree benefits to align them with competitive benchmarks in the industry and our transformation plan."
Delphi noted that its non-U.S. subsidiaries are generally competitive, cash flow positive and experiencing high growth opportunities. "One of our primary goals is to preserve and continue the strategic growth in non-U.S. operations while we address our U.S. cost structure issues through the chapter 11 process," said Miller.
Delphi filed more than 40 "first-day" motions along with its voluntary petitions covering Delphi's employees and business operations, post-petition DIP financing, continuing supplier relations, customer practices, certain executory contracts, taxes and related matters, utilities, retention of professionals and case administration matters. The company said it expects that the Bankruptcy Court will hold hearings on the first-day motions following the Columbus Day holiday observed in the U.S. and, in the interim, will approve bridge orders granting interim relief with respect to employees and business operations, continuing vendor relations and customer practices pending the Court's
consideration of first-day hearings. Delphi will issue a further press release this weekend regarding the Bankruptcy Court's consideration of Delphi's request for the entry of interim bridge orders and providing further information about its chapter 11 reorganization cases including the date, time and location of the hearing on Delphi's first day motions.
Among other matters, the relief anticipated from the Bankruptcy Court this weekend and at the first day hearings next week would permit the company to continue to pay wages, salaries and current benefits of U.S. hourly and salaried employees and certain retiree benefits without disruption and in the same manner as before the filing. Similar relief for employees in Delphi's subsidiaries outside the U.S. is not required because they will continue to be paid in the ordinary course of business without court supervision.
"The Board of Directors, the senior management team and I greatly appreciate the loyalty and support of our employees," said Miller. "Their dedication and hard work are critical to our success and integral to the future of Delphi."
Delphi also noted that the execution of its transformation plan through the chapter 11 process may give rise to the incurrence of additional prepetition claims as collective bargaining agreements, executory contracts, retiree health benefits and pension plans, and other liabilities of the company are addressed and resolved to maximize stakeholder value going forward. There is no assurance as to what values, if any, will be ascribed in the chapter 11 cases as to the value of Delphi's existing common stock and/or any other equity securities. Accordingly, the company urges that the appropriate caution be exercised with respect to existing and future investments in any of these securities as
the value and prospects are highly speculative.
I grew up in Detroit around the automotive industry. My father, father-in-law, and their fathers were skilled machinists and toolmakers. Although there has always been a certain amount of discord between labor and management, I've never witnessed the level that I'm seeing and hearing now. This monumental action by Delphi has started a war raging between salaried types and UAW members on who is to blame for the woes at Delphi and the American automotive industry in general. I really can't believe what I have been reading on some of the forums sponsored by Detroit's newspapers - the bitterness, the accusations, and the recriminations. Unfortunately, all the finger-pointing in the world
won't help solve this mess.
Before the bankruptcy filing, Delphi CEO Steve Miller had set Oct. 17 as a deadline for seeking wage concessions from the UAW and financial aid from GM. But Miller said the whole situation was "more complex than we anticipated. There was no way to get it all done before Oct. 17." Miller spoke of "a significant reduction" in U.S. Delphi employment but would not specify how deep the cuts might go.
Delphi said it plans to emerge from bankruptcy sometime in 2007 after cutting its U.S. manufacturing operations, and modifying labor agreements to reduce wages and benefits. GM may be liable for assuming pension and retiree benefits for UAW workers at Delphi. But, GM stated that the bankruptcy filing does not guarantee any commitment to Delphi or its workers. GM also said that the Delphi restructuring presents an opportunity. GM now pays Delphi an annual "purchase price premium" of about $2 billion for parts bought from Delphi's North American operations. The automaker said the restructuring "provides GM with an opportunity to reduce or eliminate that purchase price
GM, Delphi's biggest customer, also said it did not expect the bankruptcy to have any immediate impact on its operations. Delphi had revenue of $28.6 billion in 2004, including $12.7 billion from GM in North America. Its bankruptcy petition lists total assets of $17.1 billion as of Aug. 31 and debts of $22.17 billion.
With the Chapter 11 filing, GM and the UAW have virtually no control over events surrounding a possible Delphi turnaround - that's largely in the hands of the bankruptcy judge.
Hourly workers face uncertainty on their future pay rates, health benefits, and the future of their pensions. Current retirees also face concerns, because Delphi can cancel its pension plan and hand it over to a federal government agency.
Delphi's approximately 2,000 U.S. suppliers also would be hurt if the court chooses to freeze the money that Delphi owes them for parts they have already delivered. Current estimates show that 25 percent or more of the North American supply base already stressed financially, the inability to get paid what Delphi owes them could cause a flood of failed businesses and bankruptcies. Miller, however said that Delphi has adequate cash to pay its suppliers.
Current shares of Delphi stock will probably have no value, again affecting employees and retirees who were awarded or invested in Delphi shares, not to mention public stockholders.
The UAW also faces continuing massive losses of dues-paying members, a trend that has seemingly accelerated in recent years.
It was significant, but not that surprising, that GM chose not to get more involved with trying to help Delphi avoid bankruptcy. It's obvious that the company preferred to use its resources elsewhere, such as new product development It's also no secret that GM itself is struggling with declining market share, so it's got plenty of problems of its own to deal with.
On top of everything else, Delphi is still in the shadow of last year's accounting scandal. The FBI and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission are continuing to investigate several transactions that the company has admitted were not exactly above board.
Whatever happens, before this whole Delphi ordeal is over, there are going to be a lot of losers, relatively few winners, and a lot of changes. Also, with the number of other North American automotive suppliers that have filed for bankruptcy or are otherwise experiencing difficulties, the "shrinkage" or "consolidation" of the industry is far from over. Who is going to be next is anybody's guess, but we're just beginning to see the real future of manufacturing in this country. In the long run, some aspects of manufacturing will be better, some worse, but all will definitely be different.
The Week's Top 5
At MCADCafé we track many things, including the stories that have attracted the most interest from our subscribers. Below are the five news items that were the most viewed during last week.
Roland Advanced Solutions Division announced zero percent financing available for MDX-40 and JWX-10 desktop milling devices through November 30. The MDX-40 is less than half the cost of most additive RP systems while producing prototypes out of a wider variety of non-proprietary materials with greater precision and better surface finish. With its 4th rotary axis, Subtractive Rapid Prototyping (SRP) system, it performs both unattended two- and four-sided milling. The JWX-10 model maker was developed to make the jewelry design and manufacturing process faster. The 4-axis mill produces precise, castable wax models for rings, pendants, bracelets and charms. It also meets stringent ISO
international standards for design and manufacturing quality.
MSC.Software Corp. announced the release of MSC.ADAMS 2005 r2. It is a multi-body dynamics simulation solution that allows engineers to gain understanding into the performance of mechanical systems. Several significant enhancements aimed at increasing user productivity have been implemented in MSC.ADAMS 2005 r2 including:
Improved flexible system
Common solver for multi-body, controls, and hydraulics applications
Faster contact simulation through parallel processing
Contacts are now supported by the Shared Memory Processing (SMP)
ADAMS/SmartDriver, a new product that provides advanced driving
New experimental capability for exporting validated MSC.ADAMS models to MSC.Nastran for detailed NVH analysis.
UGS Corp. held its second annual Executive Perspectives: Best Practices in PLM-enabled Business Process Improvement Symposium. Executives from automotive and other industries shared best practices around five business process improvement initiatives that are enabled by PLM technology. The symposium featured UGS Chairman, CEO and President Tony Affuso; speakers from GM: GM VP, Global Engineering Jim Queen; Vehicle Chief Engineer Bruce Kosbab; Process Information Officer, Global Product Development and CIO, Asia Pacific Terry Kline; Lear Corporation CIO John Crary; and A.T. Kearney VP Joachim. The roundtables were hosted by subject matter experts from EDS, HP and A.T. Kearney Procurement
Solutions with support from GM and UGS. The five strategic initiatives included:
Information Exchange & Synchronization
Commonization & Re-use
Knowledge-driven Engineering and Manufacturing
Autodesk announced the release of the latest version of DWF Writer, making it possible to publish 3D design data from other 3D design software including Solidworks and Pro/ENGINEER. New Autodesk DWF Writer functionality lets users of 3D mechanical design software to save their models and design data as DWF files and share them securely. By creating 3D DWF files, engineers are able to provide accurate, data-rich digital designs to non-technical team members. The latest version of Autodesk DWF Writer supports publication of 2D files from a Microsoft Windows system printer driver, and retains intelligent design information in 3D models to help ensure communication of design intention. Autodesk
DWF Writer is available as a free download from the Autodesk website at www.autodesk.com/dwfwriter.
UGS Corp. announced the immediate availability of I-deas 12 NX Series software, one of its integrated computer-aided design, manufacturing and engineering analysis (CAD/CAM/CAE) software solutions. I-deas 12 NX Series features new capabilities for working in a multi-CAD environment. This release leverages UGS' JT Open lightweight format for data sharing among various CAD applications. New capabilities include measure to underlying precise geometry, measure to facet point/line/plane, align instance, create sections, attach product and manufacturing information (PMI), create constraints, and plot/print instances. I-deas 12 NX Series features productivity enhancements in design, assembly, 3D
annotation, drafting and simulation. With I-deas 12 NX Series, UGS provides tools to operate both I-deas NX Series and NX from the same license. Customers can become familiar with the NX environment and the benefits of transitioning to NX through new features, such as data and custom programming migration tools.
Jeffrey Rowe is the editor and publisher of MCADCafé and MCAD Weekly Review. He can be reached
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-- Jeff Rowe, MCADCafe.com Contributing Editor.