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Title : Geo-Spatial Technologies For Nigerian Urban Security And Crime Management - A Study Of Abuja Crime Hotspot Mapping And Analysis
Company : National Space Research and Development Agency
File Name : Adepoju.pdf
Size : 1400168
Type : application/pdf
Date : 02-May-2014
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Authors: Adepoju M. O, Halilu S. A, S.O. Mohammed, Ozigis S. M, Idris I, Blessing A, Adeluyi O. A

Abuja is one of the fastest growing cities in the sub-Sahara Africa. The city lacks the modern management techniques for an effective crime mapping, monitoring and management to meet the attainment of liveable environment despite its aesthetically pleasing outlook of a modern city. The cities of the developed world are managed with the intelligence provided by Geo-spatial technologies. The advances in space technologies have made the onerous task of managing crime possible. However, the availability of these technologies has not been exploited, utilised nor domesticated by various institutions charged with the responsibility of city planning and management to attain secure and safe environment in Nigerian urban and rural communities. Geographic information systems, remote sensing and allied technologies have manifested in various forms in the last four decades particularly since the launch of LANDSAT earth observatory satellites these has provided baseline information for intelligence gathering. The very high resolution images provided by the new generation of satellites have made the integration of GIS/RS for urban crime mapping not only possible but also effective for day-to-day running and management of many aspects of city life. The NigeriaSat-2 and Ortho-rectified Quick-Bird images, basemap, master plan and questionnaires were used to generate the crime dataset which was later aggregated to show the crime hotspots and Coldspots areas within the residential districts of Abuja Federal Capital City, Phase 1. A proximity analysis was later carried out to ascertain the relationship between crime hotspots and Coldspots and police divisional stations, slum settlement as well the various parks and gardens in the study area. The result showed significant correlation between parks and gardens and crime as well as positive correlation between slum settlement and crime in the study area.
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