Logic Design for Array-Based Circuits

by Donnamaie E. White

Copyright © 1996, 2001, 2002 Donnamaie E. White



Last Edit July 22, 2001

At-Speed Simulation

There are no coverage rules for an at-speed analysis. It can be done using a timing verifier or a simulator. The output format is vendor-specific and in this case matches all other simulations performed for the circuit.

The at-speed simulation is to be run at the specified maximum operating frequency of the circuit. The actual maximum frequency of this circuit is left as a class exercise.

Two simulations are shown - Figure 8-4 shows the maximum worst-case sampled simulation and Figure 8-5 shows the maximum worst-case print on change. Sampling depends on the maximum frequency. The print on change file has an entry for each time that a monitored signal changes state. (This version of the circuit had 3-state outputs.)

Figure 8-4a At-Speed Sampled Simulation - 32-Bit Register (partial)

Figure 8-4b At-Speed Sampled Simulation - 32-Bit Register - Full listing

Figure 8-5a At-Speed Print-On Change Simulation - 32-Bit Register (partial)

Figure 8-5b At-Speed Print-On-Change Simulation - 32-Bit Register - Full listing

Note that there are no switching restrictions for outputs in a vector for this simulation, which considerably reduces the size of the sampled vector output file in comparison to that for the functional simulation. The at-speed simulation is never run on a tester. The reset is handled as before.


Create a complete at-speed vector set for the schematics shown in the Appendix of Chapter 3 (no 3-state outputs).


Copyright @ 2001, 2002 Donnamaie E. White, White Enterprises
For problems or questions on these pages, contact dew@Donnamaie.com

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